Why the 3M-project?

Teachers of Frisian primary schools are looking for effective strategies to acknowledge multilingualism and to make better use of it. Multilingualism in the Frisian educative field used to be restricted to bi- and trilingual education (Frisian, Dutch, and English), but nowadays teachers have to deal more and more with an intake of pupils that are non-native speakers.

With this project, teachers of 12 primary schools, researchers, students and professors of the Academy of Primary Teacher Education of the NHL Stenden University of Applied Sciences, in collaboration with various partners (University of Groningen, Mercator, Cedin, Afûk, Rutu Foundation, Nuffic, Steunpunt Diversiteit & Leren University of Gent), want to develop and implement an innovative approach for multilingual education. This approach offers both a framework for the appreciation and use of migrant languages, and a coherent use for Dutch, Frisian and English in the schools.

How do we work?

A first orientation towards international scientific research on this subject has already yielded a number of scientifically based approaches that could form a base for a new approach. These possibilities must be expanded and combined in order to be of use to the teachers.

 

The 3M-project focuses on the development, testing and evaluation of a new approach and new didactic tools for multilingual education. All developed tools will be placed in a digital 3M-Toolbox, which will be made available to schools. Collaboration between researchers and teachers is being carried out according to the following steps:

 

1. Problem from the school

2. Proposal from project group in the form of a matrix

3. Implementation by the teacher

4. Feedback by evaluation form

5. Optimization activity for toolbox

Work packages

The project is divided into three main research lines:

1) development and intervention research

2) attitude research

3) dissemination

 

In the first two years (phase 1) a development study takes place (work packages 1 and 2). In six rounds of practical research (Van der Donk & Van Lanen, 2016), the didactic approaches and the tools for a first version of the 3M-Toolbox will be developed and optimised, in collaboration with 8 schools with a total of 16 teachers and 8 directors.

 

Phase 1 is followed by phase 2: a two-year intervention study (work package 3). In phase 2, the approaches developed in the first phase and the associated tools will be implemented and further optimised by 4 new schools with a total of 8 teachers and 4 directors. The final product is the optimised 3M-Toolbox. A longitudinal effect study (work package 4) runs alongside the project during the course of the project. The aim of this is to visualise the changes resulting from the development and intervention research on the well-being and language attitudes of pupils and teachers.

Different phases

 

The project consists of three research sections: First of all, 16 teachers of 8 primary schools will develop the innovative, didactic approaches (and accompanying tools) for multilingual education in a cyclic development-research. Secondly, the new didactic approaches will be tested and optimized by 8 teachers from 4 primary schools in an intervention-study. Thirdly, the developments in the wellbeing of pupils and the language attitudes of all the involved teachers and pupils will be mapped in a longitudinal effect study. This will be in relation to the specific educational situations, and the social-cultural and ethno linguistic backgrounds of the pupils.

Package 1
Package 2
Package 3
Package 4
Package 5

WHAT

Intervention for multilingual education

WHAT

e-3M online

learning environment

 

WHAT

Intervention research

 

WHAT

Longitudinal effect study

WHAT

Dissemination

WHO

  • 16 teachers of 8 primary schools
  • Researchers and professors Academy of Primary Teacher Education
  • Lector Frisian & multilingualism
  • Student-assistants Academies of Primary Teacher Education and Secondary Education/Vocational Education
  • Students Academy of Primary Teacher Education

WHO

  • Teacher from a primary school
  • Researchers Academy of Primary Teacher Education
  • Academies of Primary Teacher Education and Secondary Education/Vocational Education
  • Afûk

 

 

 

 

 

 

WHO

  • 8 teachers of 4 primary schools
  • Researchers and professors Academy of Primary Teacher Education
  • Researcher Lectorate of Language Use & Learning
  • Student-assistants Academies of Primary Teacher Education and Secondary Education/Vocational Education

 

 

WHO

  • PhD candidate
  • (Co-)promotors University of Groningen
  • Associate lector Academy of Primary Teacher Education
  • Researcher Lectorate of Language Use & Learning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WHO

  • Mercator Research Centre
  • Cedin
  • Nuffic
  • Researcher Academy of Primary Teacher Education
  • Student-assistants Academies of Primary Teacher Education and Secondary Education/Vocational Education

 

 

 

 

HOW

  • School visits
  • 6 workshops
  • Study days

HOW

  • Learning environment in 6 languages
  • Teach science
  • Multimodal
  • CLIL- method

HOW

  • Video analysis of multilingual interaction
  • Interviewing teachers and parents

HOW

  • Survey teachers & pupils
  • Implicit Association Tests (IAT)
  • Pre-post-design

HOW

  • Congresses & workshops
  • Website
  • Social Media