In phase 1, (teacher)researchers, student-assistants and 8 project schools developed multilingual activities and an online learning environment. The activities were evaluated via questionnaires and group discussions. This has resulted in the 3M toolbox and e3M. In phase 2 these products are implemented and evaluated by 4 new project schools. These developed products are assessed and optimized through questionnaires, interviews and video-observations. In addition, didactic videos are recorded as guidance for the 3M toolbox.
In phase 1 of the 3M-project, project schools were trained through workshops and seminars in multilingualism and multilingual didactics. In phase 2, the supervision program “Multilingualism in dialogical interaction in the classroom” is conducted under the supervision of (teacher)researcher Frans Hiddink (lectorate Multilingualism & Literacy). This guidance program has been developed for teachers of phase 2 project schools. The aim of this program is to research the progress in 1) the ways in which classroom interactions and / or interactions between pupils run in small groups, 2) in the way children (and teachers) deal with different languages in the classroom and 3) in the way multilingualism manifests itself in such class discussions. The guidance has the following two lines: 1) (individual) guidance through coaching conversations by using video recordings in the own class and 2) joint meetings, in which we discuss the striking features of the video recordings with all participating teachers and these relate to relevant insights from the literature.
To measure the (long-term) effect of 3M-products, PhD-student Suzanne Dekker conducts accompanying research into attitudes towards the use of multilingualism in primary schools. By portraying the developing attitudes towards multilingualism and multilingual education during the course of the project, the results of the 3M project can be measured. For this we work with surveys and Implicit Association Tests (IAT) that measure both explicit and implicit attitudes of pupils and teachers. This research takes place at the NHL Stenden University of Applied Sciences and the University of Groningen under the supervision of supervisor Goffe Jensma and co-supervisors Hanneke Loerts and Joana Duarte.